Change management is the process of planning, executing, and monitoring changes in an organization. It is essential for companies and organizations to implement changes effectively by creating and delivering change strategies. Change management focuses on how to assist people in participating in, adopting, and utilizing change in their daily work. When it comes to change management, many people may not be aware of what it is exactly.
It is the application of a structured process and a set of tools to lead change from the perspective of people and achieve the desired result. Ultimately, it helps ensure that the changes are implemented smoothly and efficiently. Employees must be prepared for changes and the change management process must be followed to guarantee that everyone is on the same page. Changes can be difficult for employees, so it is important to have a plan to help them through the transition.
Change management is a systematic approach to addressing the transition or transformation of an organization's objectives, processes, or technologies. The purpose of change management is to implement strategies to effect change, control it, and help people adapt to change. The change management process allows professionals in organizations to take advantage of and expand change management activities that help affected individuals and groups overcome their transitions. However, changes are not addressed in the middle of an iteration; changes are programmed as stories or functions for future iterations.
In software development project management, change management strategies and tools help developers manage changes in the code and its associated documentation and allow chief information officers (CIOs) to keep projects running. Project managers, or senior executives in charge of change control, should examine how a change in one area of the project could affect other areas and what impact that change could have on the project as a whole. The organizational perspective of change management is the process and activities that project teams use to support successful individual change. The change management process is important to ensure that changes are implemented smoothly and efficiently.
In the end, investing the time and energy needed to manage the human side of the organization's efforts pays off in terms of success and avoiding the numerous costs of poorly managed changes. For changes that focus more on processes and systems, models such as the ADKAR model or Kotter's improved 8-step change model can be very beneficial. Prosci's comparative studies on best practices in change management revealed that 93% of participants with excellent change management met or exceeded their objectives, while only 15% of those with poor change management achieved or exceeded their objectives. In addition to a deep understanding of company culture, the change management process requires accurate accounting of the systems, applications, and employees that will be affected by a change.
Although sometimes referred to as the soft side of change, managing the people's side of change is often the most challenging and critical component of an organizational transformation. Change management also encourages the company's future growth by allowing it to remain dynamic in the market. Change management plays an important role in project management because each request for change must be evaluated to determine its impact on the project. Prosci's research even shows a direct correlation between effective change management and compliance with schedule and budget.
What may be most enlightening about this research is that poor change management is correlated with greater success than not implementing any at all. Change management is an essential tool for companies looking to make successful transitions within their organization. It helps ensure that employees are prepared for changes, that changes are implemented smoothly and efficiently, and that projects remain on track with their schedule and budget. Investing time into managing the human side of organizational efforts pays off in terms of success.